this is bbc news. these are the headlines. the united nations has said 100,000 civilians are being forced this is bbc news. to flee their homes in northern syria as turkey continues its offensive against the kurds. turkish warplanes have continued welcome if you are watching here in to bomb targets inside syria. turkey's president says the uk, on pbs in america or around he won't halt the military operation, whatever the objections the uk, on pbs in america or around the globe. our top stories: 100,000 people flee their homes in northern syria of other countries. as turkey steps up its assault against the kurds. new revelations and impeachment there have been new revelations in the impeachment enquiry against donald trump, enquiry against donald trump. with the former us ambassador to ukraine testifying the former us ambassador to ukraine tells investigators that the that she was removed president wanted her fired. tells investigators that the president wanted herfired. the eu from her position on the orders agrees to intensify brexit talks of the president. with the uk, but both sides say they speaking behind closed doors to congress, marie yovanovitch said are —— there is still plenty of work there had been a concerted campaign against her. to do. and one man's marathon the prospect of a brexit deal appears to be coming closer with the mission, can a kenyan runner break a european union giving the green light to enter intensive two—hour barrier in austria? negotiations. dorisjohnson says he
can see a clear pathway to a deal but there is a way the pentagon has confirmed turkish forces have fired on us forces in northern syria. no trips were injured and turkey says it was ——no troops were injured and turkey says it was responding to an attack in the area and didn't intend to target the us. but it could only increase tensions, after the turkish offensive against kurdish forces, allied with the us, began on wednesday. there has been heavy fighting and both civilians and dozens of kurdish fighters have lost their lives. turkey wants to create a buffer zone across the syrian border. 0rla guerin has this report from a turkish town. gunfire.
here is turkey's response to international calls for an end to its offensive. its forces continuing to pound north—eastern syria, creating a new landscape of the displaced — 100,000 people and counting, in just three days. but turkey is paying a price. full state honours today for two civilians killed next to the border, seen here as martyrs in operation peace springs. 0ne coffin is child—size — for a baby boy called mohammed, just nine months old. a victim of rocket fire by syrian kurdish forces, their first retaliation for turkey's massive assault on them. and here, mohammed's family, joined together in boundless grief. in the cruelest of ironies,
they are syrian refugees themselves. little sidra can't hold back her tears. the mufti called on god to give strength to turkey's soldiers and bring a quick victory, with few casualties. then, a finaljourney to the border town of akcakale. at the local mosque, friday prayers became a time of mourning for mohammed, whose family fled syria six years ago. his mother, fatima, gave birth to six girls before having a boy. she said she waited 17 years for her only son. now he is gone, and two of her daughters are in intensive care. her husband, hani, battling his
grief, his anger directed at banned kurdish separatists in turkey and kurdish militia in syria. translation: i call on god to bring them failure, to block their path, and not to forgive them. well, prayers are being said here now for baby mohammed. when his family came to turkey, they were hoping against hope to find safety. instead, they were caught up in another round of warfare, and mohammed was killed inside his own home. as he was mourned here, other children were being mourned in syria, including a 12—year—old boy killed by a turkish rocket attack yesterday.
mohammed was taken away for burial, a life cut short that leaves a broken family. back across the border, in syria, a car bomb in the city of qamishli. islamic state said it carried out the attack, which killed at least three civilians. this is just what many have feared and the kurds have predicted — is taking advantage of the chaos caused by turkey's invasion. and tonight, we found more convoys heading for the border, for an operation that has been widely condemned abroad, but is strongly supported at home.
the former us ambassador to ukraine, marie yovanovitch, has told members of congress that she was dismissed over what she called unfounded and false claims by people with questionable motives. she said she was recalled in may due to what she described as fictitious reports circulated by allies of president donald trump who said she was disloyal to the president. her testimony comes as democrats in congress continued their efforts to learn more about the trump administration ties to ukraine. let's talk to the direct of the non—profit organisation, you raise a democracy initiative. thank you forjoining us on bbc world news. you have interviewed marie yovanovitch and know her quite well, talk me through what has happened over the last few
days. i have known the ambassador ever since she was appointed over two years ago, slightly over two yea rs two years ago, slightly over two years ago, and interviewed her on several occasions, and have always been struck by her diplomatic skill, by her dedication to herjob and by all accounts, she was very good and ernest diplomat. from the testimony we had today which i thought was very bracing in its sheer courage that she showed, unlike many of her colleagues, she felt —— fell prey to to the —— the shenanigans coming from the white house, specifically on the part of donald trump's personal private attorney, mr giuliani, to try to get some results, to get some pressure against mr trump's results, to get some pressure against mrtrump‘s main results, to get some pressure against mr trump's main political rival, mr biden, and pressure the ambassador into doing so when she did not go along with the scheme,
they essentially got ukraine's former prosecutor to open war against the ambassador, and that has been going on, that had been going on for several weeks, and it was being commended in the ukrainian press, and so finally she was dismissed and as we had today she was dismissed for very, very political reasons, not because of ineptitude or incapacity to do her job. so what do you think happens next than, in all of this?” job. so what do you think happens next than, in all of this? i think there are definitely more shoes to fall, we are hearing the us ambassador to the european union testified, and there was donald trump's national security adviser on the region, russia and ukraine, she isa the region, russia and ukraine, she is a stellar and very solid professional expert diplomat, she is said to be planning to do a very
similar testimony to ambassador yovanovitch, and she will say that from the very beginning, mr giuliani has engaged in shadow diplomacy outside the normal protocol, and what we got in the end was an illegal process. so what do you think this means in terms of the likelihood of impeachment of the president of the us?|j likelihood of impeachment of the president of the us? i believe the impeachment is almost becoming a necessity for the democrats, now the question is whether they will keep the impeachment enquiry narrow in scope broaden it, as some of the critics are now, of the leadership in congress are saying that they should do. the speaker of congress, nancy pelosi is facing a serious decision to make, but i think the impeachment will go ahead, and i still think the republicans in the senate will vote against the ouster of president trump, but it is also changing, and the public opinion which is very important, is swinging
firmly in favour of impeachment, and donald trump as mcallister. thank you for talking to us. —— donald trump's ouster. the acting head of us homeland security has quit. he faced criticism for his role in carrying out the president's of border policies including the policy of separating families on the southern border. japan is bracing for one of the strongest storms to hit the country in decades. the typhoon is expected to make landfall near the capital tokyo later on saturday. areas that are still recovering from another storm last month. heavy rain is already falling in the greater tokyo region and tens of thousands of homes without power. in southern california a sudden rush
of wildfires has killed at least one person and forced tens of thousands to evacuate. hundreds of structures have been threatened or destroyed as firefighters battle to control the blazers. david willis has more from los angeles. winds are fanning the embers, buildings have been destroyed. to the north of america's second—largest city, a major blazes burning out of control. 1000 firemen are battling to control the saddle ridge fire. but it is a losing battle, fuelled by seasonal so—called santa ana winds, the blaze is moving at a rate of more than 800 acres an hour. at a wildlife centre, these horses got loose, but were corralled. other animals had to be led to safety. but of the 100,000 residents already evacuated, many were forced to leave their pets behind.
you could see the flames north of our stable, and when we leave the stable to ride into the canyon we go out the back and there is a ridge right there, we call it rattlesnake ridge, and i could see the flames coming over that ridge, i said we have got to go. they won't thinking of this when they named california the golden state. it's ironic that many in the path of the flames had already been making do without electricity, as the power companies cut supply in order to prevent a repeat of last year, when a faulty powerlines sparked deadly infernos amongst the tinder dry brush. the fires have caused traffic chaos, cutting off freeways linking southern california with the rest of the state. yet as a furious battle is waged from the skies above, this malevolent force of nature shows little sign of abating. unless the winds died down over the weekend, officials fear the worst
may be yet to come. stay with us on bbc news, still to come: can he run a marathon under two hours? can you's eliud kipchoge tries to make history in austria. —— can you. ——kenya. parts of san francisco least affected by the earthquake are returning to life, but in the marina area where most of the damage was done, they are more conscious than ever of how much has been destroyed. in the 19 years since he was last here, he has gone from being a little—known revolutionary to an experienced and successful diplomatic operator. it was a 20—pound bomb which exploded on the fifth floor of the grand hotel, ripping a hole in the front of the building. this government will not weaken, democracy will prevail. it fills me with humility and gratitude to know that i have
been chosen as the recipient of this foremost of earthly honours. this catholic nation held its breath for the men they called the 33. and then, bells tolled nationwide to announce the first rescue and chile let out an almighty roar. this is bbc news, the headlines: the un says 100,000 people have been driven from their homes in syria as turkey continues its assault against the kurds. there have been new revelations in the impeachment enquiry against donald trump, with a former us ambassador to ukraine testifying the president wanted herfired. president trump has hailed a partial trade agreement signed with china that will see the united states
postpone a tariff hike on chinese goods set to come into effect next week. mr trump said the deal, which covers agricultural purchases and intellectual property, would be great for both countries. in asia business consultant believes it isa in asia business consultant believes it is a limited deal at the moment. yes, it is a real 0ctober surprise, even its limited form. i think there has been, myself included, lots of pessimism around the idea that any of deal or agreement could get done before the end of the year. this is a very positive move in the right direction. limited in nature, yes, but it will give the markets, it will give corporations around the world, and both governments, a chance to breathe, to get a sigh of relief, and to set the foundation for dealing with some much larger issues between the two governments
and the two economies going forward. michael, give us an idea of what the impact has been so far on both economies of these tariffs? well, i am a confirmed, true blooded free marketer, and i have been saying for the last 18 months, there are no winners in trade wars. and usually the first people to get hurt are the workers and consumers. the impact so far has been in china, we have seen a lot ofjob losses due to factory closings. in the us the impacts have been a bit more limited. we are just starting to see some higher consumer prices and some retail distress. so anything that can back us away from that ledge and give the two governments a chance to negotiate bigger issues like technology and intellectual property is going to be a big victory for both populations. higher retail prices, a bit of consumer stress payment anxiety, not exactly what president trump wants people to be experiencing when we are coming up
to an election year? and even before the election year, we are heading into the holiday season. most retailers make 70% of their money during the coming three months. and, you know, i certainly don't think he would want to be seen as the grinch who stole christmas this year. the eu has agreed to intensify brexit talks with the uk over the next few days. the step comes after a talk between both sides in brussels was described as constructive. borisjohnson says there is some way to go before a deal could be reached. still a work in progress, but he is trying. and now borisjohnson may, just may, be getting somewhere in sketching out a brexit deal. after his show of optimism, alongside ireland's leader yesterday, today on a school visit, it was time to look on the bright side.
both of us can see a pathway to a deal, but that doesn't mean it's a done deal. there's a way to go. it's important now that our negotiators, on both sides, get into proper talks. 0ne—to—one, the two leaders had traded ideas, changed the mood, cleared the way for intensive negotiations on terms to be laid on the table behind closed doors. i think, at this stage, probably the less said the better. focus today very much switches to brussels, where secretary of state barclay is going to meet with michel barnier, and i'd anticipate that that will lead to some more detailed proposals being laid down. next stop, brussels. brexit secretary stephen barclay met the eu's chief negotiator today. the mood visibly positive, though the path to agreement looks steep. brexit is like climbing a mountain. we need vigilance,
determination and patience. are we near the top? but what about the obstacles? he wouldn't say. are you going to negotiate over the weekend? would parties, including boris johnson's dup allies, have a veto over northern ireland's future status? no answers today. northern ireland will be part of future uk trade deals, but the uk might drop plans for customs checks on the island of ireland when there is an eu border there. let me work, please. these are the details that could make or break a deal in tough negotiations, but in cyprus, the eu council president was clear. giving up is not an option. of course, there's no guarantee of success, and the time is practically up. but even the slightest chance must be used. here at westminster, the diaries and calendars for next week are covered in red ink. there is the big eu leaders' summit, then on saturday, a special session of the house of commons.
expect a vote on a deal, if there is one, and a push by mps, who want to see brexit decided by another referendum. meanwhile, if there is no agreement, even if there is a deal, the prime minister may struggle to avoid another brexit extension. the last thing he wants, a delay, he mayjust have to accept. the president of ecuador has offered to hold direct talks with the leaders of protests which have brought the capital to a standstill. lenin moreno said come had to be restored after ten days of demonstrations sparked by the scrapping of fuel subsidies. dramatic changes i needed to the way people live their lives if the uk is to reduce carbon emissions to net
zero by 2050. that is according to a report which advises the government on how to cut admissions. it says ministers need to provide more incentives to people to switch to lower carbon lifestyles. the police cleared most of extinction rebellion's makeshift campsites today, insisting they only occupy trafalgar square. the protestors a re demanding carbon cuts. but actually uk carbon emissions have gone down 42% since 1990. that's as cleaner energy has been introduced as less is manufactured here in the uk. now that's happened without much effort from us. the next stage in emissions reduction is going to be very different, according to the new report. there has to be a major shift to public transport. 0ur homes need to be better insulated, our heating systems low carbon. the report says we'll also have to eat less meat and dairy and drive down emissions from agriculture.
some cows produce less methane than others. meet the low carbon cow. the difference between the most polluting animal and the least polluting animal is about a0%. our hope is to keep breeding using these less polluting animals. so you're trying to breed a kind of race of super low carbon cows. ultimately, that's the goal. that's the goal? yes. but the report warns we will only be willing to make these changes with incentives from government, and by pushing up the prices of high carbon products and activities. chris stark, the head of the committee on climate change, the body that commissioned the behaviour change report, says the government needs to raise its game. they have a plan of sorts, but not nearly at the level of ambition that would be required. every bit of policy now needs to be refreshed. the government told the bbc today it is going further and faster
on cutting carbon than any other nation. but the report's recommendation would mean huge changes for us all. the protestors here would welcome that — but will the public? justin rowlatt, bbc news, london. can you's eliud kipchoge gate is going to attempt to do what no man has ever done before, and run a marathon in under two hours. —— kenya's. the race takes place in vienna on saturday. it will not count as a world record, but one thing it will do for sure is make history. so can he do it? to be the first human being doing this, it is like the first person to land on the moon. on saturday 12 october, eliud kipchoge will try to do what no man has ever done before, run a marathon in under two hours. he first tried in 2017
in monza, italy, missing out by less than half a minute. so what is different this time around to allow the kenyan such confidence? the course is pretty good, it is a straight of 4.4 kilometres, one lap is 9.6 kilometres. very flat. it is also crucially, in the organisers' eyes, less humid than monza, so allowing kipchoge to better regulate his body temperature. the 2017 challenge was sparsely attended and the desire for large crowds to line the route was high up on kipchoge's wish list. i think there will be thousands of spectators there. when you have spectators certainly they are pushing you. he has grown much physically fitter, he is right now in the best shape
that he could ever be. physically and everything. in monza it was like a boxer going into the ring and he doesn't know what's happening in the ring. either he would be knocked down or he will be successful. but this time i am going to vienna knowing what i will be doing. i believe i can run under two hours. the reason is i have tried before two years ago. this really is a first, it is making history and i know i will get it. that was eliud kipchoge here. we explained earlier it will not be a world record, even if he does go below two hours. the reason being, he has a big group of pacemakers who are going to be running with him and that basically cancels out any
chance of it being a world record making race. however, best of luck to him. his race is in austria on saturday. there hello, overall the weather this weekend is not looking ideal, there very changeable, a mixed picture throughout the uk, but there is some sunshine on offer too. we will concentrate on the rainfall first, it could be quite heavy again across southern areas of the uk, already the west country has seen a fair bit of rain in the last 2a hours, there could be some flooding during the next day or so again from this weather front that stretches right out from the atlantic across into germany and the baltic as well, it is kind of stuck here, a conveyor belt of cloud and moisture that keeps bringing more and more rain, pushed by quite a powerful jetstream, it is stuck in this place whereas to the south of the jetstream across a large chunk of the continent, they are enjoying some fine, warm autumn weather. but here in the uk we have
that autumn chill. so for the early hours we have cloud and rain across the south, central parts of the uk, clear spells here, whereas scotland and northern ireland a scattering of showers. in the south it is still relatively mild, i suppose you could call it, 12 degrees in london, chilly in the north—east of england, only six degrees. let's look at the morning forecast, we have cloud and rain across the south, at times it will be quite heavy, and take a look at the weather across much of wales, the midlands, northern england, much of scotland and northern ireland, absolutely fine, beautiful weather there with sunshine in belfast, newcastle, edinburgh, i bit of a chill in the air here, temperatures may be around 13 or 1a degrees in the south, very far south, i think temperatures will be around 15, 16. the weather front is still with us through saturday night, but saturday night into
the early hours of sunday that starts to move a little further north and not only that, we have a further weather front heading our way, so it is a real mishmash of cloud, these areas of rain moving across the uk on sunday, i think most of us will catch some rain on sunday, but with a tendency for the weather to improve somewhat through the day across the south, so it may turn up actually quite bright if not sunny for places like portsmouth, maybe even the south—east as well, while the rain moves a little bit further north. a real mixed day i think on sunday. on monday, sunday into monday we will start to see more weather fronts coming off the atlantic so you get the message, it is a whole succession of weather systems that just keep coming our way and there are gaps in between so you can see monday actually, at least for a large chunk of the day, central areas of the uk looking fine but then as this rain moves towards northern ireland 00:28:44,508 --> 2147483051:51:06,969 and the south once again, 2147483051:51:06,969 --> 4294966103:13:29,430 fine weather in the east on monday.